Abstracts

Keynotes

التعرف الآلي على أسماء العلم باللغة العربية؟

The Automatic Recognition of Proper Nouns in Arabic
(Ghassan Mourad, Professor of Computational Linguistics, Lebanese University)

سنركز في هذه المداخلة ابرز المنهجيّات التي يُعمل عليها حالياً لبناء برامج تعالج اللغة العربية آلياً. إنطلاقاً من مفهوم الإنسانيات الرقمية، سنحاول عرض استراتيجيّة الإستكشاف السياقي كحلّ معتمد يسمح بالتعرف الآلي على أسماء العلم باللغة العربية المعتبرة من أصعب المشاكل حالياً نظراً للبنية الشكلية للغة العربية ونظراً لعدم وجود الأحرف التاجية كما هو الحال في اللغات الأخرى (كالفرنسية والانكليزية) التي تعتبر كمؤشر أولي للتعرف على أسماء العلم

ويُعتبر التعرف الآلي على المسميات (Named entities)، بالنسبة للمعالجة الآلية للغات من الضروريات حالياً نظراً لاهميته في برامج الترجمة الآلية (Machine Translation, MT)، والبرامج المساعدة للمترجم. (Computer Assisted Translation, CAT)، كما في التفتيش الآلي عن المعلومات وغيرها من البرمجيات.

This presentation will focus on the main methodologies that are currently being elaborated to create applications of Arabic language processing. We will try, based on the concept of digital humanities, to present solutions that will serve as a strategy for contextual exploration, which will help in the automatic recognition of proper nouns in Arabic, which is a current problem in computational linguistics, considering the formal structure of Arabic and the absence a letter capitalization, unlike French and English where capital letters are the main indicator for proper nouns.

Automatic recognition of name entities is necessary in natural language processing, given its importance in automatic (machine) translation and in computer assisted translation, as well as in information retrieval and other applications.

Digital Humanities in the Arab World: Current Context and Future Perspectives

(David Joseph Wrisley, Associate Professor of English, American University of Beirut ; Visiting Associate Professor of Digital Humanities, New York University Abu Dhabi)

Digital Humanities is not a term that has much purchase in the academic and research institutions in our region, at least for now. This talk aims to discuss the emergence of the Digital Humanities, as a concept, as a term and as a praxis in a local context. It acknowledges the role of Euro-American institutions in introducing the concept regionally, but also the gap between how the Digital Humanities are developing internationally and their tentative beginnings here in the Middle East.  It will provide an overview of some exemplary homegrown digital research, some of which explicitly acknowledges its debt to global digital humanities discourses, and much of which does not, sketching a basic narrative of project-based inquiry from the region.  Those projects include research that is both textual and non-textual.  In the keynote talk, I will also suggest how the methods taught at this Digital Humanities Institute – Beirut 2017 might serve as starting points for future research relevant to, but more importantly, produced in, the region. Finally, as others have done in North America, Europe, Latin America and India, this talk asks the question how have the relationships between computing and humanistic inquiry developed in a regional context over the last fifty years, and why do they matter for the way that we move forward.

Posters

Greening Digital Humanities (Antonio Lopez, John Cabot University)

Oral histories at Anatolia (Evi Tramantza, American College of Thessaloniki)

The Digital Cookbook (Mounira Gamal Soliman, Mounira Gamal Soliman)

How should Digital Humanities affect Internet of Things (Rami Farran, American University of Beirut)

Topical and Linguistic Macroanalysis of Books Published in Beirut (Mario Hawat, American University of Beirut)